THC and CBD, like all cannabinoids, interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a signaling system in the body responsible for regulating a wide array of functions. Although we lack a comprehensive knowledge of every aspect of the endocannabinoid system, it is generally understood to regulate balance in the body’s communication between cells, impacting many bodily functions in the process.
The body naturally synthesizes its own cannabinoids, called endocannabinoid’s. They act as neurotransmitters, interacting with cannabinoid system located throughout the body. They are created in response to needs within the larger physiological system and are largely understood to be used for the body’s regulatory functions.
THC and CBD both feature a chemical makeup that is very similar to the endocannabinoid’s produced by the body. Therefore, if the body does not naturally generate enough endocannabinoid, plant-derived cannabinoids like CBD or THC could provide extra stimulation to help maintain balance in the endocannabinoid system.